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Tennis ball and racquet

Tennis, is a game played as singles (where one person plays against one person) or doubles(where two people play against two people).The object of the game is for you or your team to score more points and to win sets faster than the opposing player or team. In the women’s game you have to win 2 sets, and in the men’s game, you must win 3 sets. To win a set, you must win at least 6 games, and be at least 2 games ahead. To win a game, you must win 4 points and beat least two points ahead.

Tennis Court Dimensions

Tennis court

The tennis court is 78ft long by 36ft wide, and the net is 3.5ft. above the ground. Note that the area of play is different for both singles and doubles.

Tennis Gameplay

The game starts with one player making a serve. To do this, they must stand behind the line and hit the ball into the area of the opponent’s court. The opponent is allowed a maximum of one bounce to hit the ball back over the net onto the other players court.

The idea is to hit the ball onto your opponents court and for your opponent not to be able to hit it back. You should manage to successfully hit the ball onto your opponents court without them returning the favour, you score.

Racket and ball

Points System

If you score one point, you score ‘15’, If you score two points, you score ‘30’, If you score three points, you score ‘40’, And if you score four points, and are two points ahead, you win the game. The only time this is different is when the score is 40-40. This is known as deuce, and you now have to win two straight points to win the game.

After a game is won, the other player or pair serves the ball from the other side to start the next game. Once a player has won 6 games and is at least 2 games ahead, they win a set. Winning 2 sets or 3 sets faster than your opponents, wins you.

Tennis Stadium

Things to avoid while playing

So, is there anything you can’t do in Tennis? Ironically, yes! There’s a lot of things you cannot do in Tennis :
1) You cannot hit the ball outside the area of play.
2) You cannot hit the ball into the net and for it to land on your side of the court.
3) You cannot hit the ball twice in succession.
4) You cannot touch the net.
5) You cannot touch the ball with any part of your body except with the racket
6) And you cannot commit a double fault.

If you commit any of these infractions, this results in your opponents being awarded a point.

Tennis match

Now that’s basically Tennis in a nutshell, but there’s a few things you’ll need to understand before playing or going to a game. For example …Fault/Double Fault, etc.

Rules of Tennis

During a serve, you have two chances to serve the ball legally. You must be behind the line and you must hit the ball onto this area of your opponents court. If you fail to do either of those things, it is known as a fault and you must serve the ball again. Following are some rules of tennis :


a) If you commit two faults in a row, this is a double fault, and your opponent is automatically awarded a point.

b) If a legal serve hits the net before landing in the opponents area, this is known as a ‘Let‘, and the player is allowed to serve the ball again without fault.

c) If a player serves the ball legally and the opponent cannot return the ball, this is known as an ‘Ace’. The serving player wins the point.

d) Advantage during deuce – If you score one point, you are known to have an ‘advantage’. You only need one more point to win the game unless your opponent scores.

e) Tie Breaker– If the games are tied at 6-6, a tiebreaker is used to determine who wins the set. Players take it in turns to serve and the aim is to score 7 points and be at least two points ahead. This carries on until someone wins the set.

Squash player

If you’re still unsure about the scoring system – be sure to watch a few games to get used to how it all works. It seems a little complicated, but once you watch or play Tennis, the rules will become clear.

Now you know the basic fundamentals of tennis. To know more about tennis, click on the following link :-


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